South Dakota East River Hay Market
USDA - Fri Aug 11, 2:04PM CDT
SF_GR311  
Sioux Falls, SD    Fri Aug 11, 2017    USDA-SD Dept of Ag Market News

Weekly East River South Dakota Hay Market 
All prices per ton, unless noted, FOB the stack.

   Compared to last week:   Alfalfa and grass hay sold mostly steady.  Demand moderate 
to good for higher quality alfalfa with better demand noted for lower quality
cow hay and high quality grass hay suitable for starting calves in the feed yard.
Interest has picked up especially from end-users that are in the hard hit drought
areas of the state.  Some CRP acres have been opened up for cutting and this has made
more lower quality feedstuffs available to drought stricken areas.  Yearling cattle run 
on summer pastures have started to be marketed as the grass is very short in many areas.
The Drought Monitor for this week shows a big improvement over the previous week, with
5 percent of the state in D3 (Extreme Drought) compared to 13 percent last week; near 92
percent of the state is in some level of drought like conditions.  The central and northwest
portions of the state are the hardest hit areas.  All hay and straw sold by the ton FOB, 
unless otherwise noted.

   Alfalfa:  Supreme:  Large Squares, 200.00 Delivered to WI; Small Squares, 230.00.
Premium:  Large Squares, 150.00.  Good:  Large Rounds, 120.00 Delivered Short Haul.
Fair:  Large Squares, 125.00; Large Rounds, 100.00-115.00, Delivered 125.00. Utility to Fair:
Large Squares, 100.00-115.00.

   Sun-cured Alfalfa pellets:  15 pct 160.00; 17 pct 165.00.  Alfalfa
Meal: 17 pct 170.00.

   Alfalfa/Grass Mix:  Premium:  Large Squares, 150.00.  Good to Premium:  Large Rounds, 
120.00 Delivered Short Haul.

   Grass:  Premium:  Large Rounds, 130.00; Small Squares, 150.00, part load 5.00 per bale.
Good to Premium:  Large Rounds, 120.00 Delivered Short Haul.  Fair:  Large Rounds,
75.00.

   Straw:  Large Rounds, 75.00 out of the field; Large Squares 80.00 out of the
field.  Large Squares and Rounds, 100.00 FOB the yard.

   Cornstalks:  Large Rounds, Old Crop 55.00 Delivered Short Haul. 
 
  Alfalfa guidelines (domestic livestock use and not more than 10 pct 
grass)

Quality       ADF      NDF       RFV       TDN-100 pct   TDN-90 pct   CP
Supreme       <27      <34      >185         >62          >55.9       >22
Premium      27-29    34-36    170-185    60.5-62        54.5-55.9  20-22
Good         29-32    36-40    150-170      58-60        52.5-54.5  18-20
Fair         32-35    40-44    130-150      56-58        50.5-52.5  16-18
Utility       >35      >44      <130         <56          <50.5       <16

  RFV calculated using the WI/MN formula.  TDN calculated using the 
western formula.  Quantitative factors are approximate and many factors
can affect feeding value.  Values based on 100 pct dry matter.
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
value.  Values based on 100 pct dry matter.  End usage may influence hay
price or value more than testing results. 

  Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Source:  USDA-SD Dept of Ag Market News, Sioux Falls, SD
         Erika Goette, Market Reporter 605-372-8350 
         www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/sf_gr311.txt
         www.ams.usda.gov/lpsmarketnewspage

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